Nauseous, Nauseated, and Nauseating

0

I’m sick of all the disagreement over the use of nauseous (snicker).

I posed the following question on Facebook recently:

Which is correct?

Your cologne is making me ______

A. nauseous
B. nauseated
C. either
D. none of the above

The responses varied, but several insisted that B was the only correct answer. Here’s my response:

*****

The answer is C.

For some time, word sticklers have insisted that the two terms be clearly differentiated — that only nauseated means “inflicted with nausea” and the definition of nauseous is restricted to “causing nausea.” So, it would be correct to say The fumes are nauseous, but not, I feel nauseous.

But this strict prescription is shaky on several levels.

Etymology

According to Dictionary.com, nauseous was used in both senses from its first appearance in the early 17th century. So, you can’t point to historical usage or original meaning to support the restricted definition of nauseous.

Dictionaries

All major dictionaries list both definitions for nauseous, some with “inflicted with nausea” as the primary definition. This includes Dictionary.com, Merriam-Webster, American Heritage, and the OED. All of these include usage notes addressing the controversy and all agree that nauseous can mean either causing or experiencing nausea.

Consensus of Experts

American Heritage’s online entry includes an interesting, detailed note on their Usage Panel’s consistent move toward accepting the “inflicted by nausea” definition over the decades. Back in the 1960s, they overwhelmingly opposed a sentence like Roller coasters make me nauseous. By 1999, 61 percent of the Usage Panel accepted it. Today, agreement would be close to unanimous. Remember–this is the opinion of scholars, editors, and writers.

Popular Usage

Of course, the most persuasive argument for accepting the “experiencing nausea” definition of nauseous is the fact that the great majority of Americans use it in this sense most of the time and have done so for decades.

Final verdict: Both This soup is nauseous and This soup makes me feel nauseous are acceptable.

FYI

n current popular usage, “nauseated” means “experiencing nausea,” “nauseating” means “causing nausea” and “nauseous” can mean either, though it more often means “experiencing nausea.” So you could say any of the following:

  •     Your cologne makes me nauseous.
  •     Your cologne makes me nauseated.
  •     Your cologne is nauseous.
  •     Your cologne is nauseating.

*****
If you have any comments or suggestions, please leave them in the Reply section below.

About the Author

Brian Wasko

Brian WaskoBrian is the founder and president of WriteAtHome.com. One of his passions is to teach young people how to write better.View all posts by Brian Wasko

Leave a Reply

If you like a post, please take a second to click "like," and comment as often as you like.
We promise not to correct your grammar!